INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCES <ul class="dt-sc-fancy-list lightblue hand-o-right"> <li class="show">International Journal of Preventive and Public Health Sciences (IJPPHS) is an international, multidisciplinary, double blind peer-reviewed journal.</li> <li class="show">It publishes only original research papers focusing on all aspects of the science, philosophy, and practice of public health.</li> <li class="show">IJPPHS targets all public health practitioners and researchers and deliver public health services and systems. It will also be of interest to anyone involved in provision of public health programmes, the care of populations or communities and those who contribute to public health systems in any way.</li> <li class="show">Journal aims to promote the highest standards of public health practice internationally through the timely communication of current, best scientific evidence. Our main criteria for grading manuscripts are scientific originality and impact, as well as relevance to public health practice</li> </ul> International Research Organization for Life & Health Sciences (IROLHS) en-US INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE AND PUBLIC HEALTH SCIENCES 2454-9223 Knowledge, Attitude and Practice about Male Infertility among Men and Women in the Field Practice Area of a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital <p style="text-align: justify;">Background: Infertility causes distress among 15% of global population. The common myth is that women contribute to a higher level for this data than men.<br>Purpose: Hence a questionnaire study was done in the field area of a tertiary care teaching hospital and research centre.<br>Methods: A total of 100 male and 100 female participants of age group ≥18 years of age between the months of May 2018 and August 2018. This study was done to describe the knowledge attitude and perception and myths prevalent in the study population.<br>Results: The analysis revealed that there is an exponential increase in the knowledge aspect regarding the common causes of infertility and also women are not considered as the sole reason for infertility anymore. The attitude towards infertility as a disease also has changed to the better. The people have exhibited that the common folk has realized that allopathy helps better in curing infertility than other quacks.<br>Conclusion: Furthermore the study participants have recognized that infertility is not ground for divorce. Also the familiarity to IVF and adoption has expanded.</p> Dr. E Kamala A Siva Karunya, S D Nalinakumari Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Preventive and Public Health Sciences 2019-12-01 2019-12-01 5 2 1 4 Spatial Analysis of Smear – Positive Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Bafoussam-Cameroon <p>Background: Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by a slow-growing bacterium called mycobacterium TB. TB most often affects the lungs and is now the most deadly infectious disease killer globally. Despite the medical advances made during the 20th century in the curative treatment and implementation prevention strategies, TB remains a public health problem in Cameroon.<br>Purpose: This study aims to analyze the spatial distribution of smear positive TB in Bafoussam town, strongly marked by promiscuity and pollution of various origins.<br>Materials and Methods: Data used here derive from a cross-sectional study conducted in the city of Bafoussam in 2011. Both literature review and field investigations were undertaken using a questionnaire survey.<br>Results: Analysis of the spatial distribution of smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB) in Bafoussam highlights the existence of PTB cases clusters in some city health areas. Those clusters were favored by risk factors such as precariousness of housing, poverty, dwellings’ overcrowding, smoking, alcoholism, late treatment of patients, difficulties of access to health care, and ignorance of TB by infected persons.<br>Conclusion: Routine use of cluster detection techniques as part of routine surveillance of TB in Cameroon through TB risk mapping and increased public awareness of TB among TB populations would help to better target the fight against TB.</p> H Blaise Nguendo Yongsi Maturin Sop Sop Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Preventive and Public Health Sciences 2019-12-01 2019-12-01 5 2 5 13 Perception of Radiation Protection among Dentist in South Chennai, Tamil Nadu <p>Aims and Objectives: This study aims to assess the attitude and awareness of radiation protection among dental surgeons in South Chennai.<br>Materials and Methods: The study participants comprised 150 dental practitioners (general and specialty) in South Chennai. The information was collected from each participant through structured questionnaires regarding attitude and awareness toward radiation protection. Pearson’s correlation coefficient test was used to assess the validity and reliability of questionnaire, and any P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.<br>Results: Of all the 150 dentists enrolled in the study, 69% of dental surgeons considered X-ray films as an image receptor. However, majority of the dentists (73%) failed to acquire informed consent of the patient before prescribing dental radiograph. While majority of dentists were unaware of position and distance rule (54%) and 46% were aware of the rule, it was also found that 59% of dental surgeons did not use film-holding device and only 41% used film-holding device. Majority of them (59%) were aware of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) certification and 41% were unaware of AERB, 15% of them hold the cone during exposure.<br>Conclusion: The current study shows the utmost need for further implementation of radiation protection principle among dental surgeons in South Chennai. Majority of them did not practice radiation protection procedures. Emphasis on radiation safety is mandatory for continuing professional education and the development of radiographic selection criteria should be recommended.</p> Dr. K Ranjith V Balaji P Buvaneswari Copyright (c) 2019 International Journal of Preventive and Public Health Sciences 2019-12-01 2019-12-01 5 2 14 17