Perception of Radiation Protection among Dentist in South Chennai, Tamil Nadu

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Dr. K Ranjith
V Balaji
P Buvaneswari

Abstract

Aims and Objectives: This study aims to assess the attitude and awareness of radiation protection among dental surgeons in South Chennai.
Materials and Methods: The study participants comprised 150 dental practitioners (general and specialty) in South Chennai. The information was collected from each participant through structured questionnaires regarding attitude and awareness toward radiation protection. Pearson’s correlation coefficient test was used to assess the validity and reliability of questionnaire, and any P ≤ 0.05 was considered as statistically significant.
Results: Of all the 150 dentists enrolled in the study, 69% of dental surgeons considered X-ray films as an image receptor. However, majority of the dentists (73%) failed to acquire informed consent of the patient before prescribing dental radiograph. While majority of dentists were unaware of position and distance rule (54%) and 46% were aware of the rule, it was also found that 59% of dental surgeons did not use film-holding device and only 41% used film-holding device. Majority of them (59%) were aware of the Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) certification and 41% were unaware of AERB, 15% of them hold the cone during exposure.
Conclusion: The current study shows the utmost need for further implementation of radiation protection principle among dental surgeons in South Chennai. Majority of them did not practice radiation protection procedures. Emphasis on radiation safety is mandatory for continuing professional education and the development of radiographic selection criteria should be recommended.

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Author Biographies

Dr. K Ranjith, Department of Public Health Dentistry, Chettinad Dental College and Research Institute, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Department of Public Health Dentistry,

V Balaji, Government Villupuram Medical College and Hospital, Villupuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Senior Assistant Professor, Department of Dental Surgery

P Buvaneswari, Bharathidasan Government College for Women, Puducherry, India

Assistant Professor, Department of Corporate Secretaryship